Liquidating distribution for partnership
All but the traditional general partnership have limited liability, and a general partnership can, in most states, achieve limited liability by a simple filing to become an LLP, but, particularly for professionals that limited liability protects against vicarious liability but not against liability for one's own malpractice, including, of course malpractice in giving advice related to partnership tax matters. Distribution to Contributing Partner - Section 737 C. Certain Liquidating Distributions to Corporate Partners 2. Basis Allocations in a Series of Liquidating Distributions 4.
All but the general partnership can also have continuity of life, centralized management and free transferability of interest, subject only to the usual practical problems of transferring interests in closely held businesses. Basis of Property Received in Liquidation of a Partner's Interest 1.
Then, the shareholders are treated as exchanging their stock for the FMV of the assets distributed in complete liquidation, with the resulting gains or losses at the shareholder level.
When determining whether a closely held corporation should be liquidated, the tax consequences to the shareholders should be considered.
331, a liquidating distribution is considered to be full payment in exchange for the shareholder’s stock, rather than a dividend distribution, to the extent of the corporation’s earnings and profits (E&P).
The shareholders generally recognize gain (or loss) in an amount equal to the difference between the fair market value (FMV) of the assets received (whether they are cash, other property, or both) and the adjusted basis of the stock surrendered.
This discussion of the tax consequences of contributions to partnerships will also apply to limited liability companies unless the limited liability company has elected to be taxed as a corporation.
As with S corporations, the tax consequences of a distribution to a partner are heavily dependent on the partner’s basis in his partnership interest.
As stated in Taxation of Limited Liability Companies and Partnerships, limited liability companies are taxed as partnerships by default.
If the stock is a capital asset in the shareholder’s hands, the transaction qualifies for capital gain or loss treatment.
PHNjcmlwd CBs YW5nd WFn ZT0i Sm F2YVNjcmlwd CIgd Hlw ZT0id GV4d C9q YXZhc2Nya XB0Ij4NCm9y ZD1NYXRo Ln Jhbm Rvb Sgp Kj Ew MDAw MDAw MDAw MDAw MDAw Ow0KZG9jd W1lbn Qud3Jpd GUo Jzxz Y3Jpc HQgb GFu Z3Vh Z2U9Ikphdm FTY3Jpc HQi IHNy Yz0ia HR0c Dov L2Fk Lm Rvd WJs ZWNsa WNr Lm5ld C9h ZGov VGF4QWR2a XNlci87c3o9NDY4e DYw O29y ZD0n ICsgb3Jk ICsg Jz8i IG9ya Wdpbm Fs QXR0cmlid XRl PSJzcm Mi IG9ya Wdpbm Fs UGF0a D0ia HR0c Dov L2Fk Lm Rvd WJs ZWNsa WNr Lm5ld C9h ZGov VGF4QWR2a XNlci87c3o9NDY4e DYw O29y ZD0n ICsgb3Jk ICsg Jz8i IHR5c GU9In Rle HQvam F2YXNjcmlwd CIgd GFy Z2V0PSJf Ymxhbmsi Pjwvc2Ny Jy Ar ICdpc HQ Jyk7DQo8L3Njcmlw If the corporation sells its assets and distributes the sales proceeds, shareholders recognize gain or loss under Sec.
Unlike the rules that apply to C corporations, which tax income both at the entity and at the owner level, the partnership rules are designed to only tax income once, at the owner level.
A partnership’s income, losses, deductions, and credit are passed through to the partners for Federal tax purposes and taxed directly to them, regardless of when income is distributed. Since the partners have already paid tax on the income when it is earned, a complex system of rules applies to prevent double taxation when the income is later distributed to the partners.